According to Hindu mythology, the Kumbh Mela is celebrated after 12 years. Kumbh Mela is organized at four pilgrimage sites. These places are Haridwar on the banks of the Ganga River in Uttarkhand, Ujjain on the Shipra River in Madhya Pradesh, Nashik on the Godavari river in Maharastra, and Pragaraj on the banks of the Ganga Yamuna and Saraswati rivers in Uttar Pradesh. The meaning of Kumbh Mela is the compilation of two words, where Kumbh means the nectar pot and Mela is the word that arrives from the Sanskrit language, which means assemble or meeting.
The Kumbh Mela was started in history by King Harshavardhan, which was also described by the famous pilgrim of China. Also, according to some Puranas, Shankaracharya started it and according to some mythologies, it started with the churning of the sea.
At the time of Samudra Mathan, the Moon saved the nectar from being inundated, Jupiter hides the nectar, Sun saved the nectar pot from breaking, and Saturn saved God Indra. Therefore, when all these planets are combined in some Vedic sign, then Kumbh Mela is organized.
Meeting of Indra Dev and Durvasa Rishi curse:
According to mythology, one day when Durvasa Rishi was going somewhere, he met Indra Devta in the middle of the way. After which the Demigod Indra praises them, Due to which the sage Durvasa is happy and gives a garland worn around his neck to Indra Devta. Later Indra Dev put that garland on his elephant.
But the elephant took it off his neck and crushed it with his feet. Seeing all these scenes, Durbhasai Rishi becomes extremely angry, and at the same time curses Indra Devta. And because of that curse, Indra Devta weakens a lot. Due to this, taking advantage of the weakness of Indra Dev, the Asura army invades the city of the Demigods. After this, Indra Dev goes to Brahma Ji and Brahma Ji takes him to Vishnu Ji.
After which Vishnu Ji asks Indra Dev to make a treaty because the demons had become quite powerful at that time. And further advised to Indra Dev, this treaty will be beneficial only when it is churned in Kshir Sagar. After the churn, some things will come out of the Kshir Sea, half of which will be given to the demons and half of it to the gods or demigods. Due to which the war will end automatically.
Churning of Nectar from Kshir Sagar:
After this, Mandaranchal mountain is ready for churning, and Vishnu Ji’s serpent to acts as a rope. At the time of churning, the gods gather on one side and the Asuras on the other side. After which many items like diamond gems, Kamadhenu cow, and other valuable things start coming out of the churn. There is also a time when poison starts coming out of it.
Although at the same time Lord Shankar appears, Because the poison obtained from the churning dissolves in the earth or the sea, then the whole life will end. Due to which Lord Shankar drinks that poison, after which his throat becomes blue. After such an event Lord Shiva is called Neelkanth. Now the time comes to extract the nectar from the churning.
After which the sage Dhanvantiri emerges from that churning, who have a pot of nectar in their hands, which is also called Kumbh. On receiving Devraj Indra’s gesture, Jayant runs away with a pot of nectar. So that it does not fall into the hands of the Asuras. But asuras see this incident, due to which they start chasing the demigods. After which the gods try to hide the nectar at four places Haridwar, Pragaraj, Ujjain, Nashik.
Wherever the deities keep the pit at these four places, the nectar comes out of the pit and falls to the ground. Due to which those places become sacred. And later from these drops rivers originate. And these are the only four places where the Kumbh Mela is organized. According to beliefs, people become holy by taking a bath in this Kumbh Mela.
This war between the gods and the asuras lasted for 12 days to get the nectar. After this, to end this war, Lord Vishnu comes in, who takes the form of Mohini. And take the nectar in your hand, and distribute the nectar in such a way that all the nectar is received by the Gods, and by the time Rakshaso’s turn comes, the nectar is over.
The four Pilgrimage sites of Kumbh Mela in India:
Haridwar, Pragraj, Ujjain, and Nasik are the four pilgrimage sites of Kumbh Mela, where Kumbh, Mahakumbh, and ArdhKumbh are organized accordingly.
■ Haridwar: It is situated on the bank of the Ganga river in Uttarakhand. When Jupiter enters the Aquarius sign and the Sun enters the Aries sign. Then this Kumbh festival is celebrated.
■ Prayagraj: It is situated on the bank of the confluence of Ganga, Yamuna, and Saraswati in Uttarpradesh. When the sun and moon enter Capricorn on the day of Magha Amavasya, And Jupiter enters Aries. Then the festival of Kumbh is celebrated.
■ Ujjain: It is situated on the riverbank of Shipra river in Madhya Pradesh. When Jupiter enters the Aquarius sign, then the Kumbh Mela is organized here.
■ Nasik: It is located on the banks of the Godavari river of Maharastra. When both Sun and Jupiter enter Leo’s sign, then Kumbh Mela is held here.
The meaning of Ardh Kumbh, PurnKumbh and MahaKumbh:
■ Ardhkumbh Mela: Kumbh is held twice in 12 years in Haridwar and Pragaraj.
■ Purn Kumbh Mela: It is celebrated every 12 years. There are 4 Purna Kumbh Mela places mainly in India. The Kumbh Mela is organized at these places every 12 years one by one.
■ Mahakumbh Mela: It is held only in Prayagraj. It comes in 144 years or after 12 Kumbh Melas.
Why the Planetary position is important in Hindusim?
It has been said by enlightened saged that after every 10 years, climatic and planetary positions align in such a way that the water in the river located in these four cities turns into the nectar of immortality. Thus giving devotees an opportunity to bathe in the essence of purity auspiciousness and immortality impact of climatic and planetary position on human life is validated by science.
Also, a scientist has proved that radiation by Sun follows a cycle and is affected by the position of different planets. The effect of planets on humans can be studied through different types of eclipses when the earth’s atmosphere receives much more harmful radiation than usual.
Also read: Yatra of Char Dham of Uttarakhand in India?