The world had not yet got rid of the corona epidemic, another disease i.e. bird flu spread in India. So far, in India, due to the death of millions of birds in many states, the concern of the government has increased due to bird flu.
Thousands of birds in Pong Dam Lake in a wildlife sanctuary in Himanchal were found dead. When the scientist received the report about the pandemic, then it clearly confirms that the reason behind birds’ death is Bird Flu. This flu is spreading in Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, and Kerala.
Generally, according to Researches, this disease is spread by being very close to birds. And in humans, this infection occurs due to contact with infected birds. Even some states like Punjab, Jharkhand, and Madhya Pradesh have been kept on high alert after spreading Bird flu. In humans, this virus goes through the eyes, mouths, and noses.
How Bird flu reported in India:
When the death of many migratory birds and local birds came to India in the last few days. Then the government found something suspicious behind the death of birds. Approximately, 1700 migratory birds in north India were confirmed dead.
After these samples were sent to the National Institute of High Security, Animal Disease in Bhopal, for investigation. Then reports verified that there is a virus named H5N1 in these infected birds. Which is also called Bird flu or Avian influenza.
However, the first outbreak of the H5N1 strain was reported in 2019 in domestic ducks in China. Also, India was declared free from Avian flu in July 2015 after the completion of disinfection and post-operation surveillance by the government.
How Bird flu virus spread in Birds and Human:
It is found that the migration of birds from one country to another country, it can easily affect other countries’ birds. Like, last December 2020, researchers noticed that a large number of birds started to die in Himachal Pradesh and Rajasthan. Even 55 peacocks were found dead in Rajasthan and more than 100 crows were found dead in Jodhpur. and even in the Kottayam and Alappuzha district of Kerala, 12000 ducks were found dead.
However, Avian influenza or bird flu is a disease that spread in bird caused by the H5N1 influenza virus, but it can transmit in human too. Although, it never affects humans by consuming meat as the cooking of meat kills all the viruses present in it. But due to the handling of a bird and working in Poultry culture, it can transfer into humans easily.
H5N1, a type of influenza virus known as Avian influenza can cause a highly infectious, severe respiratory disease in birds. However, there is no human-to-human transfer reportedly yet. But it can transfer from bird to human. And, when it infects humans then its mortality rate is very high.
How dangerous is Bird Flu or Avian Flu?
From H5N1 to H5N5, all the bird flu virus is considered very dangerous and infectious. However, only the death of crows has been reported with the infection of H5N5. These viruses spread very rapidly in birds and this can lead to the death of birds.
According to the World Health Organization, this very is highly pandemic and can cause huge causes, if this has not been controlled timely. According to reports, the virus has been confirmed to be found in humans as well.
Therefore, everyone should be aware of the symptoms of bird flu. Because even if some people get the flu, they do not only treat the normal flu.
The Wildlife officials in Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Madhya Pradesh have been put on high alert. Even section 144 has been imposed in Rajasthan. Even, Jhalawar municipal council has ordered the closure of all poultry and egg shops. Also, the government of Kerala has passed the order to kill thousands of birds in its state.
However, human cases of this virus are much fewer. According to WHO, when people get infected, their death rate is 60%.
The prevention of Birds Flu:
There are many efforts by the government to control this disease. Many birds in Kerala have been culled after the order of the government. Also, the Government has taken steps under section 34 of the disaster management act, 2005. Even the movement of tourists near Ping Dam has been banned for some time until the virus completely gets finished. It is treated with the antiviral drugs Oseltamivir (Tamiflu) and Zanamivir (Relenza).
In the year 2020, we have experienced lots of diseases like Coronavirus, Mucormycosis virus, Chapare Virus, Deadly Brain-Eating Amoeba, Zika Virus, and Cat Que Virus.
Even some of them get mutated like Coronavirus changed its form into Mutated coronavirus or new varients of Corona. The world also suffered a lot in terms of economically and socially. Now, all the country’s government needs to take the tough step toward the prevention of this kind of viruses.
We all know that this kind of virus spreads due to improper maintenance of birds and somewhere researches made by scientists as well. We all know that most viruses and diseases spread due to poor hygiene. So, the education of proper hygiene should be provided to people by the government.
Also, the government should construct the proper management of birds. Because every people require to think about the future. Due to the reliability of medication, it can disturb our natural health, which can lead to problems for our future generation.
What we consume and where we live, directly affects our environment and future generation, so people themself need to focus on their physical and mental. Wherever we can protect our environment, we should do it in a natural way.
Because, this time we are suffering from Bird flu, maybe in the upcoming time, people may have to suffer another harmful disease. So, better to avoid untidiness and should follow the right path of lifestyle. Also, we should teach our children about hygiene from their childhood so they are used to it.