Dispute over Ram Mandir and Babri Masjid?

Dispute over Ram Mandir and Babri Masjid?

On 9 November 2019, the Supreme Court gave its verdict in the controversy over the long-standing Ram Mandir and Babri Masjid, which took 70 years to solve, and finally, the decision comes in favour of Ram Mandir. Also, 5 acres of land provided to the Muslim Waqf Board for Mosque 25 kilometres from the Ram Janam Bhoomi.

Bhoomi Poojan of Ram Mandir done on 5 August 2020 in Ayodhya in the presence of Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

Why does Ram Mandir matter to Hindus?:

Lord Ram, one of the most revered Gods in Hinduism, and according to Hindu belief He was born in Ayodhya. Some kings of India in the 9th century built a Temple in Ram Janmabhoomi in Ayodhya.

The Origin of Ayodhya dispute:

When Babar came to India then one of his commanders Mir Baqi built a mosque at the same site in 1528 by demolishing the Ram Janmabhoomi and named it Babri Masjid. After that, Muslims started to pray inside the mosque while Hindus continue worshipping Ram Janmabhoomi outside the Ram Chabutra.

In 1885, Mahant Raghuvar Das pleaded in Faizabad court to build a temple over Ram Chabutra near Masjid but Britishers rejected their demands. But in 1953 many riots and clashes took place to control the mosque whereupon Britishers took over the charge of the disputed site.

After Independence, on 22 and 23 December 1949, Ramlalla Idol has shifted inside the masjid after which the Muslim community became angry and demanded to remove the Idol, therefore, KK Nair took control of disputed premises.
In Jan 1950, Mahant Ramchandra Das appealed to the court to allow prayers inside the structure but the court reject their appeal and locked the premises.

In 1959, Nirmohi Akhara filed another case asking for control of the site from the administration. Also, in 1961, the Sunni Waqf board went to court asking for the removal of idols stopping Hindu prayers at the site and giving control of the site to the Waqf Board.

Vishva Hindu Parishad contribution in Ram Mandir: 

This case completely turned when in 1984, Vishva Hindu Parishad made the whole matter politically. Also, Congress opened the door of the disputed site for Hindu worshippers after which Muslims started to protest and formed a committee name Babri Masjid Action Committee.
However, the Bharatiya Janata Party formed this dispute as a political campaign to construct the Ram Temple at the Ram Janmbhoomi and requested Karsevak to construct the temple. Also, the Ram Rath Yatra rally was performed in Ayodhya and even the bricks were collected for Shila Poojan from entire India.

In August 1989, the Lucknow bench of the Allahabad High Court ordered to maintain the status of the premises. And ordered not to form any structure at the disputed site but in November 1989 Shilanyas (stone laying ceremony) has been performed by VHP at that site.

At that time government has changed and VP Singh became the Prime minister of India. On the other hand, Rath yatra was performed by Lal Krishna Advani, president of BJP which triggered the riots, where Yatra has been passed.

During the time of the Uttar Pradesh Government, Kalyan Singh, the government acquired 2.77 acres of the disputed site for tourism purposes and lease it to Ram Janmabhoomi Nyas. But in 1992 karsevak started to construct the platform on the disputed site that created tension between state and centre.
After that PV Narasimha tried to mediate between VHP and the Babri masjid action committee but it has been failed.

On 6th December 1992, karsevak gathered at the disputed site and demolished the Babri Masjid and constructed a small temple at that site which caused severe riots all over South Asia including India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. 

After the Demolition of the Disputed site:

In 2003, The Archaeological Survey of India excavated at the disputed site and proved that a non-Islamic structure has been found, which was built in the 10and 11th century.

On 30 September 2010, High Court divided the disputed site into three divisions.
1.  Ram Lalla (Ram Janmabhoomi Nyas ) central shrine, where Idol was placed.
2.  Nirmohi Akhra for Sita Rasoi and Ram Chabutra.
3.  Sunni Waqf Board for the rest.
But no one was satisfied with the High Court decision so they challenged this case to the Supreme Court.

Supreme Court Mediation on this case:

On 9 November 2019,  5 judges constitutional bench lead by Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi, Ashok Bhushan, DY Chandrachud, SA Bobde and S Abdul Nazeer has their final verdict on Ramlalla and Babri Masjid by stating:

1.  Mosque was not constructed on vacant land.
2.  Hindus has been offering their prayers at that disputed site years ago.
3.  Hindus always believe that the birthplace of Lord Ram was in the inner courtyard.
4.  Disputed site to be given to Ram Janmabhoomi Nyas.
5.  Muslims to be given 5 acres of land by the government.

Who can Challenge the Final verdict of the Supreme Court:

After the Supreme Court judgment, 9 November 2019, the Muslim Personal Law Board has decided to review the petition of the SC order on the ownership of Babri Masjid.

Who can challenge the Supreme court verdict:
1.  Nirmohi Akhara.
2. Iqbal Ansari son of Hashim Ansari.
3.  Sunni Waqf Board.
4.  Shia Waqf board.
5.  A curative petition can be a file in case of a gross miscarriage of justice.

But everyone welcomed the decision of the Supreme Court with patience.

Announcement of Construction of Ram Mandir:

On 5 Feb 2020, PM Narendra Modi cabinet formed the Ram Temple’s independent trust. Where 9 members will be Permanent and 6 will be nominated.
67 acres will be given under the acquisition of certain areas of the Ayodhya act, 1993 Narasimha Rao government to Shri Ram Janam Bhoomi Teerth Yatra.

Ram Mandir’s design architect by Chandrakant Sompura in 1989.  
The Centre Government also announced that Ayodhya donation for Ram Temple will be exempt from Income Tax under section 80G of IT Act.

Supreme Court decision on Vandals:

Supreme Court mentioned that the demolition of the Babri Masjid in 1992, was a serious violation. But no judgement has been passed for those because this is a civil dispute, not a criminal case. Therefore, a separate proceeding will be held for those vandals.

Although the decision has come for the overages disputed site. Because the case belongs to thousand’s people faith, belief and historical cultural fact also as well as religions opinion. So passing the final judgement was extremely difficult. But everyone has welcomed the Supreme Court decision and maintained the harmony of the nation.

This dispute evolved many terrorist activities and disbalance communal disharmony in the world. Now, we can just hope that everyone should focus on national development.

Also visit – Top 10 Richest Temple of India. 

2 thoughts on “Dispute over Ram Mandir and Babri Masjid?

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    August 19, 2021 at 11:49 am

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