There have been many such incidents in history in which the goal has been achieved by making violence a medium. And leftism is a part of it. Leftist is a kind of worm spreading around the world today, which is based on violence and Marxism theory. In Leftist ideology, the goal has been achieved by making violence a medium.
Naxalism is an ideology in which Armed Insurgency, Mass Mobilization, and Strategic Alliances are needed to fight the State Government.
Former Prime minister Manmohan Singh described Naxalism as the most significant threat to Internal security being faced by the country in 2010. The Maoists use their front organization like The Revolutionary Democratic Front, Peoples Democratic Front of India, Democratic Student Union, and Students group from left-wing institutions like Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU).
The East Southern part of India is mostly affected by Naxals, in which, West Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh are there. Naxalite tribe neither believes in any state nor any caste and class. These people are the followers of communism, who are related to Maoism, hence they are called CPI Maoists.
Communism or the Naxal movement in India was started in 1967, which started in 1946 with Telangana Struggle.
History of Naxalism and Left-Wing Ideology:
The term Naxalites come from Naxalbar, a small village in West Bengal, where a section of the communist party of India (Marxist) (CPI-M) led by Charu Majumdar, Kanu Sanyal, and Jangal Santhal initiated an uprising in 1967. The ideology of communism was first started by Karl Marx. The purpose of which was to give importance to the lower class and to make a class-free society.
However, the same people are taking advantage of the reservation available in the lower class. Because their aim is to target the industrialist and business class people, which means to remove the capitalistic class from India.
Although Naxalism was started to create a class-free society, but gradually this movement took the form of Maoism. The word Maonism was first coined by Mao Zedong of the Chinese communist revolutionary and China also helped Naxals to fight in India.
How Naxalism (Communism and Left-Wing Extremism) started in India:
Naxalism emerged in 1957 in Naxalbari, West Bengal. Where a poor farmer was beaten up behind his land by the goons of the landlord there. After which there was a lot of Chaos among the people and all the poor farmers got connected with each other. After this, the big landlords were attacked and their lands were forcibly snatched away by the small farmers. And after that, this movement started in Bihar, Jammu, and Kashmir, Andhra Pradesh.
Communist leader Charu Majumdar wrote various articles on Marx-Lenin-Mao during this period, which is famous as “Historic Eight Documents”.
Even Charu Majumdar declared that Naxalites should assassinate individual class enemies such as landlords, businessmen, University teachers, police officers, Politicians o the right and left).
Communist parties were banned in 1929 during the Meerut Conspiracy. After which Jyoti Basu got it started again. Where Naxalism had become a principle for the lower class by moving away from unity. And it was first started in Andhra Pradesh. After this, its effect started falling in West Bengal.
But in 1964, the division of his ideology was done, in which one side was supporting Chinese ideology and the other supporting the ideology of the USSR. Out of which one party became CPI-Marxist, in which Jyoti Basu became the Chief Minister of West Bengal.
Here, Jyoti Basu started to eliminate those politicians who were supporting violence in the name of Communism. From which another party emerged at that time CPI-Maoism. The other side of communism i.e. the CPI maonist was quite furious, which was talking about a class-free society. Which started in 1967. However, their aim was to spread communism and gain power in India in the name of a class-free society.
Communist Party of India ( Marxist-Leninist) CPI-ML :
In November 1976, Sushital Ray Chowdhury organized the All India Coordination Committee of Communist Revolutionaries (AICCCR). But On 22 April 1969, AICCCR gave birth to the Communist Party of India ( Marxist-Leninist) (CPI-ML). And on May 11, 1969, Charu Majumdar is elected the party general secretary of CPI (ML).
After this, when Congress came to power in 1970, the President’s Rule was implemented in West Bengal. And an Operation Steeplechase was started against the Naxalites from the Indian Army. In which more than 20,000 Suspects and their senior leaders were killed. And Charu Mazumdar was arrested on July 16 and died in jail. After which the CPI-ML party broke up.
After the death of Charu Mazumdar, small Maoist groups started forming in the states of the country. The most important of them was the People’s War Group (PWG), which was formed in Andhra Pradesh. Although this group was also restrained by the security forces in 1994, but it became active again.
But still, this Communist Party was active, after which in 1980 they had hosted their Red Flag. After this, they started participating in every movement of India, so that he could trap more and more people. But this method also did not last long.
Because after this 40 Maoist groups of the country came together to form a party, which was named the Communist Party of India Maoist. Even Maoist started Guerrilla war tactics against elite classes and governments officials.
Government’s step to abolish Naxalism:
Naxalism is a serious problem of India, which the government is making continuous efforts to solve. However, working in Naxal terrorist groups are only local tribes of a state. Whom these Naxalites coerce and convince them to work with them. Which we can give a big failure to the government because the biggest issue in the tribes today is poverty.
Apart from this, autonomous laws have been made for the tribes in the Constitution of India. Also, these tribes are completely dependent on the forest, which means, the forest area is decreasing a lot due to the increase in the level of industrialization. And these people do not have so many facilities, that these people can do something else. That’s why Naxalites easily lure people like these.
Although the government is now paying attention to all these things, but those who have become Naxalites, they are the biggest threat to the country. To deal with the problem of Naxalism, the government had killed thousands of Naxalites in Naxalite-Government Conflicts from 2002 to 2006.
After this, when Naxalism had spread, then an Integrated Action Plan (AP) was made to deal with Naxalism. Whose objective was to eliminate Naxalism from Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Telangana, Maharashtra, Jharkhand, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, and West Bengal.
In 2010, Maoists carried out a severe attack in Dantewada, Chhattisgarh, in which 72 security personnel were killed. After this, these Naxal terrorists killed the top 25 Congress leaders in 2013.