Rakshabandhan, this festival celebrated all over the country, not only symbolizes the love of brother and sister, but it is a good medium to keep the family together. But do you know, what is the reason for celebrating this festival which has been going on since time immemorial?
Let’s talk today about the mythological story of Rakshabandhan. Rakshabandhan is celebrated every year on the full moon day of Shravan month.
First story of Rakshabandhan ( King Bali and Goddess Lakshmi):
According to some mythologies, King Bali of the demons had completed 110 yagyas. After which the gods were afraid that King Bali should not establish authority over Devlok with his power. That’s why all the Gods came before Lord Vishnu for protection. After which Lord Vishnu took the Vamana avatar and asked for alms from King Bali.
Bali insisted to give three steps of land in alms. Then Lord Vishnu took heaven in one step and earth in the other. When King Bali saw the third step moving forward, he got upset and could not understand what to do. Then Bali placed his head at the feet of Vamana Dev and told Lord Vamana that you should put the third foot on my head.
And thus Lord Vishnu took the incarnation of Vamana and snatched the right to reside in heaven and on earth from King Bali. And, Bali went into Rasatal. Rasatal means Sixth of the seven floors below ground level.
Then Bali worshiped Lord Vishnu and took a promise to be in front of him at all times. Due to which Lord Vishnu had to become the gatekeeper of King Bali. Due to which Goddess Lakshmi was in dilemma. She wanted to bring Vishnu back from the Rasatal. Then he got the solution of this problem from Narad ji. Lakshmi ji tied a rakhi to King Bali and made him her brother. And as a gift, she had asked her husband Vishnu ji from King Bali. That day was the full moon day of Shravan month. Rakshabandhan is celebrated since then.
Second story of Raksha Bandhan ( God Indra and Raksha Sutra):
A story of why Rakshabandhan is celebrated is also mentioned in Bhavishya Purana. However, Bhavishya Purana has been created by the people of today itself, which has no relation with reality. Therefore, it has also been kept in the category of Mythologies.
According to this story, in ancient times there was a war between the Devas and the Asuras for 12 years. The gods were getting defeated in this war. Then Indra Dev reached Guru Brihaspati, where Indra’s wife Sachi was also present.
Seeing Indra sad, Indrani said, tomorrow is Brahmin Shukla Purnima. I will prepare a defense thread for you according to the law. You will tie it to Brahmins, from which you will be victorious. After this, Indra got the protection thread tied to Brahmanis according to the advice of his wife. And thus Indra and all the gods won.
Third story of Rakshabandhan ( Druapadi and Krishan):
The next Rashabandhan story is related to the Mahabharata period. In which Krishna’s aunt i.e. Shrutashrava gave birth to a deformed child. His name was Shishupal. At that time there was a prophecy that the cause of Shishupal’s death would also be the one who would make him normal.
One day when Krishna went to his aunt’s place, he took Shishupala in his hands, after which Shishupal was completely cured. Seeing which his mother was very happy and at the same time sad, because she had come to know that Shishupala would die at the hands of Krishan. After which she requested Krishna to forgive every mistake of Shishupal. Thus Krishn promised to forgive 100 mistakes of Shishupala.
After this, Shishupala grew up and became the king of the Chedi kingdom, after which he started challenging Krishna again and again. Once Shishupala started condemning Lord Krishna during the yajna that was ruled by the Pandavas. After which Shishupala crossed the limit of 100 mistakes and at the same time Lord Krishna used Sudarshan Chakra on Shishupala.
So when the chakra came back to him, Lord Krishan’s finger was cut off. Then Draupadi, the wife of the Pandavas, ripped the edge of her sari and tied it to Krishna’s finger. Then Lord Krishna had promised Draupadi that he would protect Draupadi all her life.
Fouth Story of Rakshabandhan (Rani karnavati and Humayun):
We get to hear another story of the history of Rakshabandhan between the Mughal emperor Humayun and the queen of Mewar, Karnavati. After the death of Babur, when Humayun took over the reins of power, he created a new history by making Rana Sanga’s wife his sister.
At that time, when the ruler of Gujarat, Bahadur Shah Zafar had attacked Mewar, Rani Karnavati sent Rakhi to Humayun and pleaded for help. But by the time Humayun reached Mewar, Bahadur Shah Zafar had surrounded Mewar.
However, Rani Karnavati had confronted Bahadur Shah Zafar with great vigor and finally decided to commit Jauhar. In which Jauhar was performed with 13,000 women. After that Humayun liberated Mewar from Bahadur Shah Zafar and handed over the entire state to Queen Karnavati’s son Vikramjit Singh.