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Why we celebrate Navratri in India | Navaratri

Why we celebrate Navratri in India | Navaratri

In Navratri, nine forms of Goddess are worshiped every nine days. Navratri is a holy festival of the Hindu religion, which is popularly celebrated in India. Basically, it is celebrated two times in a year, once when summer has started, and before winter. In Navratri, different forms of Hindu deities are worshipped in the different regions following different practices.

Durga Puja is the biggest celebration of Kolkata in India, which has its own widespread popularity in the world. Navaratri/ Navratri festival is to worship Shakti means Maa Durga, Who is also known as Navadurga. 

Although there are many popular stories available to celebrate the Navratri festival. Here we will discuss some famous stories and also some scientific reasons behind this festival.

The first story behind Navratri

There was a demon named MahishaSura, who did penance of Brahma for many years. Due to this, later Lord Brahma Ji gave him a boon that he would not be killed by any deity or human in the three locos. Although MahishaSura was very unrighteous and tyrannical so he started attacking the gods and defeated them in the battle and took possession of their kingdom. After which all the gods were disturbed by MahishaSura.

Then all they took the decision to go to the shelter of Lord Brahma Vishnu and Shiva. Seeing the trouble of the gods, the Lord Brahma Vishnu and Shiva created a beautiful goddess with their glory.

Which today the whole world knows as Adi Shakti or Maa Durga. After that everyone decorated Mata Durga with all their weapons like Conch, Chakra, Bow, Baan, Mace.

As soon as MahishaSura got informed about Maa Durga then he got excited to meet her and passed a marriage proposal to her. But the goddess invites a war. Then the war began between the two, which lasted for 10 days. In which MahishaSura’s work and conscience were slowly getting destroyed.

Finally, Goddess Durga killed MahishaSura on the 10th day. Due to which all the gods started praising Maa Durga. And since then we worship Goddess Durga in Navratri, who is also popular as Jagatjanani

The second story of Navratri

Here we will discuss the nine forms of Goddess Durga or Jagatjanani.

One of his nine forms is Shailputri:

Goddess Sati committed suicide after her father insulted her husband. After then, Goddess Sati was born on the Himalayas in the next life.

She was known as Shailputri due to the birth of SailRaj Himalaya. Goddess Shailputri rides Nandi. She has a trident in her right hand and a lotus in her left hand.

Brahmacharini is second form of Maa Durga:

Goddess Shailputri, according to the teachings of Narada Ji, did harsh penance for many years without eating anything to get Shiva as a husband. Due to her penance for many years, she was called Tapaswani and Brahmacharini.

It has a chanting garland in its right hand and a Kamandal in its left hand.

Goddess Chandraghanta is the third form of Mother Durga:

Pleased with the penance of Maa Brahmacharini, Lord Shiva married Goddess Parvati. After marrying Lord Shiva, there was a half-moon on the head of the Goddess, which seems like a bell.

For this reason, Maa Durga’s name is Chandraghanta. The mother rides tigers and holds arms in her hands.

The fourth form of Adi Shakti is Kushmanda:

The name of Adi Shakti is made up of 3 forms. Ku means small, Shama means energy, and Anda means the world. According to the Puranas, Maa Durga created the universe as a small egg of energy with her smile. Hence the Goddess’s name as Kushmanda.

The four hands of Astbhujaadari Mata Kushmanda have different types of weapons and the other four hands have a pot of lotus, Kamandal, Jaapmala, and a pot of Honeydew.

The fifth form of Maa Durga is Skandamata:

Lord Skanda, also known as Kumar Karthikeya, became the commander of the gods in a war. Being the mother of God Skanda, this form of Mother Durga is called Skandmata. Four-armed Skandmata rides a lion, and Karthikeya Ji is sitting on his lap.

The sixth power of Maa Durga is Katyayini:

Maharishi Katyayan, the world-famous Maharishi of the Katya gotra, worshiped Goddess Bhagwati hard. Because he wished he could get fulfillment with a daughter. Pleased with his penance, Maa Bhagwati was born as a daughter to Rishiwar’s house.

Because of the birth of Katyayan Rishi, she is called Goddess Katyayani. 

Kaalratri is the seventh form of JagatJanani Mata:

Maa Durga originated Kalrati Mata with her golden image to kill Asura Raktbija. When Maa Durga killed Raktabeej, Maa Kalratri drank all the blood of Raktbija before it fell on the earth. So that it cannot be regenerated.

Goddess Kalrati’s vehicle is a donkey. And because of their dark color, she is popular as Kaalratri. Maa Kaalratri is always auspicious, hence she is also known as Shubhkari.

The name of the eighth power of Maa Durga is Mahagauri:

According to the Puranas, when Mother Brahmacharani had done austerity to attain Shiva, her body became very weak and dark. After receiving Shiva, Maa Durga bathed in the Gangas. Bathing in the Ganges made her look very beautiful and glowy.

That is why the Goddess’s name is MahaGauri. According to some Puranas, Kalratri bathed in the Gangas after the destruction of the RaktBeej and regained his beautiful physique. Mahagauri rides Nandi.

The final form of Mata Gauri is Siddhidatri:

As the name itself is clear, Maa Durga is the possessor of Astasiddhiyas and gives siddhis to her devotee. According to the Puranas, Shiva himself did the penance of Maa Siddhidatri for the attainment of Siddhis.

After Siddhi, half of the body of Lord Shiva became the goddess and he was famous as Ardhanaresvara. Goddess Siddhidatri sits on the lotus. 

The scientific reason behind Navaratri

According to scientific principles, Nvratri or Navaratri is a two-time festival in a year that is celebrated before the starting of summer and then winters. During this time, our body needs preparedness to adjust to the natural environment.

So we all need to depend upon natural food and avoid spicy and oily ones. Once our body gets to adjust to the environment in these nine days then we can fight with normal fever and flu easily. 

That’s how our ancient texts and Vedas teach us in a more advanced way to protect our bodies from weather changes. The history of India is full of unrevealed secrets, which is far from Scientific imagination.

Our Rishi was used to be more advance rather than in the present world. We are blessed that we have some history that we can relate to this modern world.

Also read: Top 1o Shiva Temple in India?

One thought on “Why we celebrate Navratri in India | Navaratri

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    Top 10 famous Lord Shiva temple in India - Bharti
    September 15, 2021 at 5:56 pm

    […] Also read : Reason behind Navratri Celebration and its stories? […]

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